Potable Water in Public & Residential Facilities
Background, Facts and Solutions for Water Management Programs
In water distribution systems biofilm can develop within a few days even if the water meets drinking water criteria. Biofilm protects the microorganisms within from chemical agents and thermal disinfection procedures, and is extremely difficult to completely eradicate once established. Biofilms contain a large variety of waterborne microorganisms including protozoa (e.g. Acanthamoeba), fungi (e.g. Aspergillus spp., Fusarium spp.) and a number of human pathogenic bacteria.
Legionella pneumophila is perhaps the best-known waterborne bacterium colonizing biofilm, and it can be found in both central storage areas (e.g. water tanks) as well as peripheral water outlets. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is waterborne bacterium known to be a cause of infections, including pneumonia, wound and skin infections. With critical levels of microorganism contamination, extensive measures may be required to make water suitable for drinking, bathing and other applications. Closure of shower and wash-basin outlets, during the time that water system disinfection measures are carried out, may lead to impacted user logistics, negative media exposure and economic consequences. Failure to effectively maintain potable water systems can have legal sequelae.
Filtration as an Engineering Solution
Pall Point-of-Use (POU) Water Filters offer an immediate, validated barrier against waterborne microorganisms. Security of the water supply with 100% flexibility, and no long term capital commitments and easy to install. Connection is made simple by use of Quick Connect Adaptors which require no additional plumbing, engineering work or interruption to the water supply. Use of these filters may allow water outlets to remain in use during periods of critical contamination within buildings, and also be appropriate during periods of building work or maintenance to assure quality of the water supply.
Typical applications include:
- Hygiene procedures
- Drinking water
- Food preparation
- Ice machines
Pall Kleenpak™ Disposable Water Filters
Pall Kleenpak Disposable Water Filters can be used to provide water for use in topical applications such as personal hygiene, for consumption and the preparation of cold drinks and food*. The double layer Supor® membrane is validated for the removal of bacteria, protozoa, fungi and particles from the water supply by acting as a barrier. Kleenpak Disposable Water Filters are supplied non-sterile and integrity tested.
* Where local practices allow
Pall Kleenpak™ KAQF4 Disposable Shower Head Filters for up to 31 Day Use
Pall Kleenpak™ KAQ31F1S Disposable Tap Filter for up to 31 Day Use
Pall Kleenpak™ KAQ31F1R Disposable Tap Filter with Shower Rose for up to 31 Day Use
Pall Kleenpak™ KAQIN In-Line Disposable Tap Filters With Quick Connect Inlet and Outlet Ports for up to 31 Day Use
QPoint® Water Filter Assemblies
Pall QPoint® Water Filter Assemblies with exchangeable Filter Capsule for up to 62 day (2 month) use, provides filtered water at the Point-of-Use. QPoint Filter Capsules provide filtered water suitable for topical applications such as personal hygiene, for consumption and the preparation of cold drinks and food*. The Filter Capsules are validated for the removal of bacteria, protozoa, fungi and particles from the water supply by acting as a barrier. QPoint Filter Capsules are supplied sterile and integrity tested.
* Where local practices allow
QPoint® Tap Water Filter Assembly
QPoint® Shower Water Filter Assembly
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